Phonological Awareness




Have you ever wondered, “What is Phonological Awareness?”  Phonological awareness is the ability to hear sounds that make up words in spoken language. This includes recognizing words that rhyme, deciding whether words begin or end with the same sounds, understanding that sounds can be manipulated to create new words, and separating words into their individual sounds.  It is an important skill in the process of learning to read.

It can be a lot of fun to work on these skills at home.  Here are some ideas:


  • Sing Rhyming Songs such as Down By the Bay
  • Read nursery rhymes, books with rhyme, or rhyming poems
  • Which Doesn’t Match?: Give your child three words, two that rhyme and one that doesn’t, ask your child to identify which word does not rhyme.
  • Find Me a Word:  In the car ask your child to, “Find me a word that begins the same as….bear for example, then they might list other words that start with the /b/ sound.  Once that is easy for your child, you could try, “Find me a word that ends the same as…”
  • Put it Together!: Give students clues to figure out the mystery word.
It starts with a /b/ and it ends with /ug/, put it together and it says _______!
It starts with /sh/ and it ends with /ip/, put it together and it says________!  
Here are some endings to help you out:
-ack      -ake      -all       -ame      -an      -ank       -at       -ate      -ay     -eat          
-ice       -ick       -ide      -ill         -in        -ing     -op      -or        -est     -ell   
  • I Spy: Have your child identify your “spied” object by listening to phoneme clues, for example: I spy an object with three sounds in its name.  I spy an object and the beginning sound is /b/.  I spy an object and the beginning sound is /b/, the ending sound is /k/, and it rhymes with look.
  • Check out websites and/or learning apps, here are some suggestions:    
http://www.starfall.com      Letter School ABC Phonics Phonics Read
Tic Tac Toe Phonics Super Why Rhyming Words ABC Phonics
http://www.abcya.com         Cat in the Hat Starfall Learning Learning A-Z


I hope you enjoy these activities!
~Teresa